Why China’s population is dropping
The world’s population will be about 7.6 billion by the year 2100, according to the UN’s latest projections, according a report by the Population Reference Bureau (PRB).
It is still a huge challenge to manage that much growth in such a short time.
With the global population set to reach 10.4 billion by 2050, the population growth rate is expected to accelerate, with China already growing by more than 40 per cent over the past five years.
While the PRB said the numbers were not reliable, the number of people living in the world is expected more than double from the present 1.6bn to 2.2bn by the end of the century.
The new data has already been criticised for its low-res image of China.
In January, a PRB report found that China had grown by a smaller than expected 9.2 per cent in the first quarter of this year, compared to the previous year.
China’s population had fallen by 1.1 million people in the year ending March, but by that time the population had increased by nearly 1.5 million, according the report.
By 2050, China’s projected population will reach 7.4bn.
As a result, the PRb forecast that China’s growth rate would accelerate to 7.7 per cent per annum by 2065, reaching 8.5 per cent by 2100.
This growth will be accompanied by a large increase in the number and quality of life, the report said.
Despite the country’s growing population, it will take many more years for China to reach a sustainable population of 10.1 billion, the authors of the report predicted.
Population experts have warned that this could happen before then, and that it could be hard to maintain the current pace of population growth.
A recent survey found that one in three Chinese adults said they would like to die within their lifetime.
“The growth in China’s birth rate, as well as a corresponding drop in the overall birth rate over the last few decades, has contributed to the nation’s declining birthrate and a widening gap between the population and the labour force,” the report read.
It also said that the ageing of China’s elderly population could be slowing down its population growth, as they become less able to find jobs and the cost of caring for them rises.
There were also signs that the country is losing its lead over other countries in terms of the quality of its population.
According to the latest official figures, China has the second-lowest life expectancy in the developed world, behind only the US.
However, the UN body said that China was still well ahead of most of its neighbours in terms a quality of living.
Overall, China had the second highest life expectancy among advanced economies, behind the US at 75.8 years.